Major Straits of the World

A strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. Most commonly it is a channel of water that lies between two land masses. Many straits are economically important. Straits can be important shipping routes, and wars have been fought for control of them.

We are providing you a comprehensive list of straits. It may help you in tackling a factual question based on this topic in any government job exams like UPSC, State PCS, railways, SSC etc.

 

StraitLocationFeatures
Bab-el-Mandebbetween Yemen on Arabian Peninsula and Djibouti and Eritrea in the Horn of AfricaConnects Red Sea to Gulf of Aden
Bali Straitbetween the Indonesian islands of Java and Baliseparates Java and Bali and connects the Indian Ocean and the Bali Sea
Bassbetween Tasmania and Australia Mainlandseparates Tasmania and Australia Mainland
Beringbetween Russia and USAseparates Asia and North America
Bosphorus in northwestern Turkeyseparates Asian Turkey and European Turkey and connects Black Sea and Sea of Marmara;
world's narrowest strait used for international navigation
Clarencebetween Prince of Wales Island and mainland Alaskaseparates Prince of Wales and Alaska
Coco Channelbetween Burmese Coco Islands and North Andaman Island
Cookbetween North and South Islands of New Zealandconnects Tasman Sea and South Pacific Ocean
Denmarkbetween Iceland and Greenland
Dardanellesbetween Asia and Europeseparates Asian Turkey and European Turkey and connects Sea of Marmara with Aegean and Mediterranean Sea
Davisbetween Baffin Island(Canada) and Greenland
Doverbetween France and Great Britainnarrowest part of English Channel; separates
Floridabetween Florida and Cuba
Farmosa(Taiwan)between Taiwan and Mainland ChinaSeparates Taiwan and Mainland China
Foveauxbetween the South Island and Stewart Island of New Zealandseparates South Island and Stewart Island of New Zealand
Georgiabetween Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbiaseparates Vancouver Island and British Columbia of Canada; major navigation channel on the west coast of North America
Gibraltarconnects Atlantic Ocean to Mediterranean Sea and separates Europe and Africa
Hormuzbetween the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Omanseparates Iran and Oman;
20% of world petroleum passes through it
Johorbetween Singapore and the state of Johor of Malaysiaseparates Singapore and Mainland Malaysia
Karimataconnects South China Sea and Java Sea; separates Sumatra and Borneo
Koreabetween South Korea and Japanconnects East China Sea and Yellow Sea(West sea) and the Sea of Japan (East Sea) in the northwest Pacific Ocean ; Tsushima Island divides the Korea Strait into the western channel and the Tsushima Strait
Luzonbetween Taiwan and Luzon Island of Philippinesconnects the Philippine Sea to the South China Sea in the western Pacific Ocean
Malaccabetween Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra of Indonesia
North Channel(Straits of Moyle)between Northern Ireland and Scotlandconnects the Irish Sea with the Atlantic Ocean
Palkbetween the Tamil Nadu and Mannar district of Sri Lankaconnects the Bay of Bengal in the northeast with the Palk Bay in the southwest;
named after Robert Palk, governor of Madras (1755–1763)
Singaporebetween Singapore and Sumatra of Indonesiabetween the Strait of Malacca in the west and the Karimata Strait in the east;
Indonesia-Singapore border lies along the length of the strait
Sundabetween Java and Sumatra of Indonesiaconnects Java Sea and Indian Ocean
Sicilybetween Sicily and Tunisiaseparates Tyrrhenian Sea and Mediterranean Sea
Yukatanbetween Mexico and Cubaconnects Caribbean Sea with Gulf of Mexico
Torres Straitbetween Australia and the Melanesian island of New GuineaIt is named after navigator Luís Vaz de Torres, who passed through the Strait in 1606